New Rules for German Citizenship 2022

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Germany hopes to attract foreign talent by offering a German passport and dual citizenship as part of a comprehensive overhaul of the country`s immigration policy aimed at modernizing residency and citizenship laws and making procedures faster and easier. Germans who want to naturalize as Germans and keep their other citizenship now have a date when the Bundestag will decide on their situation: before Christmas. “Until the coalition agreement is concluded, no legislative proposal based on it will be presented to the Bundestag. Therefore, a possible change in the citizenship law in Germany is not expected until next year at the earliest,” Elseven said. In addition, the government wants to amend current citizenship laws so that skilled workers can apply for naturalization after five years. If they have completed “special integration measures”, naturalization would even be possible after three years. In law, citizenship by descent is based on the principle of jus sanguinis. To obtain German citizenship by descent, you must have at least one German parent. To be naturalized, a person must have lived legally in Germany for at least eight years and have the appropriate residence permit. Foreigners who have successfully completed an integration course may be naturalized after seven years. Persons wishing to be naturalised must also undertake to abide by our constitution and have a sufficient command of the German language. Knowledge of German is an essential prerequisite for integration into our society. Applicants for naturalization must be familiar with the legal system, society and living conditions in the Federal Republic of Germany (naturalization test) and be able to support themselves without recourse to social assistance, unless this is due to circumstances beyond their control; Nor must they have committed serious crimes.

In addition, they must renounce their previous citizenship. However, in certain cases or for certain categories of persons, multiple nationality may be envisaged. Until now, German residents could apply for German citizenship in three ways: by naturalization after eight years of residence in Germany; Principle of filiation if you are a direct descendant of a German parent; and according to the principle of place of birth, if you were born within the German borders as the son of non-German parents. On the other hand, jus soli allows the acquisition of citizenship by birth on German soil, i.e. within the borders of Germany. Unlike other European countries such as Italy or Ireland, Germany only recognizes citizenship to parents, not grandparents or more distant generations. Although persons with temporary residence in Germany may be granted security of permanent residence, this status is not associated with the same rights and guarantees as the possession of German citizenship. In recent years, these circumstances seemed unlikely to change, as Angela Merkel`s CDU has strongly opposed any updates to citizenship laws. For those who are not of German origin, citizenship by naturalization is the most common way. “The possibility of dual nationality and the acquisition of German nationality should be facilitated. According to the draft agreement, naturalization should generally be possible after five years, and even after three years in the case of special integration services.

A study published last August by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research shows that from July 2021 to July 2022, there was a shortage of more than half a million skilled workers in all professions in Germany. If you use this pathway, you will be entitled to permanent residence three years after your investment and after a total of six years to apply for citizenship. The government plans to allow immigrants who legally reside in the country to apply for citizenship after five years in the country, unlike if applying for German citizenship is only possible after eight years with a permanent residence permit in Germany. According to the ministry, the new law will also reduce the time a person has to live in Germany before obtaining citizenship by naturalization. People who can prove their integration into German society also have a shorter waiting period for naturalization as an incentive. If all this sounds tempting, what about the prospect of permanent access – through German citizenship? Yes. All babies born in Germany after the year 2000 to foreign parents can obtain German citizenship according to the principle of jus soli (right to the soil). Exceptions were made only for those whose other citizenship came from the European Union, those from countries that do not allow people to renounce it, and those who applied for special permission to retain their original citizenship because of difficult cases – an often lengthy and bureaucratic process. In late 2021, the new federal government announced its intention to allow dual citizenship under a streamlined naturalization law. Although this has not yet entered into force, it is promising news for those already living in Germany on the path to citizenship. Obtaining German citizenship by descent can be a complicated process, especially when it comes to identifying the documents required to prove your eligibility.

The application may also require you to renounce your current citizenship. But above all, the new German government, composed of the Greens, SPD and FDP, wants to allow foreigners to obtain German nationality without having to renounce their previous nationality, thus allowing dual nationality. READ ALSO: German citizenship: Can people who apply before the law changes get dual citizenship? Germany allows individuals to acquire citizenship if they were born within Germany`s borders. Unlike other European countries like Malta, Germany does not have citizenship through an investment program. It doesn`t even have a dedicated residency by investment program like Portugal does with its Golden Visa. The federal government is pursuing its mission to make Germany an attractive immigration country for skilled workers. In addition to facilitating dual citizenship, ministers also want to allow people to apply for German citizenship faster, according to a new strategy paper. Since 1 January 2000, the Nationality Act has included a clause prohibiting naturalization if there is real evidence of unconstitutional, extremist or terrorist activities.

Before granting citizenship, the authorities regularly seek this evidence from the police, security authorities and constitutional protection authorities. In addition, all candidates over the age of 16 are required to make an express and binding commitment to abide by the free and democratic principles of the Basic Law. As part of a major overhaul of the country`s immigration policy, Germany`s traffic light coalition has set a date for debate on a bill that would allow dual citizenship for residents. Yes. Based on our assessment of citizenship pathways in the EU, Germany is one of the biggest challenges. This is due to a combination of strict language requirements, the naturalization test, a long period of residency, the absence of dual citizenship, and a very bureaucratic application process.

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